MCS - 011: Problem Solving and Programming

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BLOCK 1 : An Introduction to C

Unit 1 : Problem Solving

Problem-Solving Techniques, Steps for Problem-Solving, Using Computer as a Problem- Solving Tool, Design of Algorithms, Definition, Features of Algorithm, Criteria to be followed by an Algorithm, Top Down Design, Analysis of Algorithm Efficiency, Analysis of Algorithm Complexity, Flowcharts, Basic Symbols used in Flowchart Design

Unit 2 : Basics of C

What is a Program and what is a Programming Language? C Language, History of C, Salient Features of C, Structure of a C Program, A Simple C Program, Writing a C Program, Compiling a C Program, Link and Run the C Program, Run the C Program through the Menu, Run from an Executable File, Linker Errors, Logical and Runtime Errors, Diagrammatic Representation of Program, Execution Process

Unit 3 : Variables and Constants

Character Set, Identifiers and Keywords, Rules for Forming Identifiers, Keywords, Data Types and Storage, Data Type Qualifiers, Variables, Declaring Variables, Initialising Variables, Constants, Types of Constants

Unit 4 : Expressions and Operators

Assignment Statements, Arithmetic Operators, Relational Operators, Logical Operators, Comma and Conditional Operators, Type Cast Operator, Size of Operator, C Shorthand, Priority of Operators

BLOCK 2 : Control Statements, Arrays and Functions

Unit 5 : Decision and Loop Control Statements

Decision Control Statements, The if Statement, The switch Statement, Loop Control Statements, The while Loop, The do-while Statement, The for Loop, The Nested Loop, The Goto Statement, The Break Statement, The Continue Statement

Unit 6 : Arrays

Array Declaration, Syntax of Array Declaration, Size Specification , Array Initialization, Initialization of Array Elements in the Declaration, Character Array Initialization, Subscript, Processing the Arrays, Multi-Dimensional Arrays, Multi-Dimensional Array Declaration, Initialization of Two-Dimensional Arrays

Unit 7 : Strings

Declaration and Initialization of Strings, Display of Strings Using Different Formatting Techniques, Array of Strings, Built-in String Functions and Applications, Strlen Function, Strcpy Function, Strcmp Function, Strcat Function, Strlwr Function, Strrev Function, Strspn Function, Other String Functions

Unit 8 : Functions

Definition of a Function, Declaration of a Function, Function Prototypes, The Return Statement, Types of Variables and Storage Classes, Automatic Variables, External Variables, Static Variables, Register Variables, Types of Function Invoking, Call by Value, Recursion

BLOCK 3: Structures, Pointers and File Handling

Unit 9 : Structures and Unions

Declaration of Structures, Accessing the Members of a Structure, Initializing Structures, Structures as Function Arguments, Structures and Arrays, Unions, Initializing an Union, Accessing the Members of an Union

Unit 10 : Pointers

Pointers and their Characteristics, Address and Indirection Operators, Pointer Type Declaration and Assignment, Pointer Arithmetic, Passing Pointers to Functions, A Function Returning More than One Value, Function Returning a Pointer, Arrays and Pointers, Array of Pointers, Pointers and Strings

Unit 11 : The C Preprocessor

# define to Implement Constants, # define to Create Functional Macros, Reading from Other Files using # include ,Conditional Selection of Code using #ifdef, Using #ifdef for different computer types Using #ifdef to temporarily remove program statements, Other Preprocessor Commands, Predefined Names Defined by Preprocessor, Macros Vs Functions

Unit 12 : Files

File Handling in C Using File Pointers, Open a file using the function fopen ( ), Close a file using the function fclose ( ), Input and Output using file pointers, Character Input and Output in Files, String Input / Output Functions, Formatted Input / Output Functions, Block Input / Output Functions, Sequential Vs Random Access Files, Positioning the File Pointer, The Unbufferred I/O - The UNIX like File Routines