# MCS-013: Discrete Mathematics

### Question Papers

### Books

#### Reference Book

Reference book of mcs-013 from GPH publications. Solved question papers and important topics to cover syllabus in limited time. To purchase click the link below :

#### IGNOU Study Material in pdf

Download free pdf files of mcs-013 from eGyankosh. Covers all units of all blocks.

### Syllabus

### BLOCK 1: Elementary Logic

#### Unit 1 : Prepositional Calculus

Propositions, Logical Connectives, Disjunction, Conjunction, Negation, Conditional Connectives, Precedence Rule, Logical Equivalence, Logical Quantifiers

#### Unit 2 : Methods of Proof

What is a Proof?, Different Methods of Proof, Direct Proof, Indirect Proofs, Counter Examples, Principle of Induction

#### Unit 3 : Boolean Algebra and Circuits

Boolean Algebras, Logic Circuits, Boolean Functions

### BLOCK 2: Basic Combinatorics

#### Unit 1 : Sets, Relations and Functions

Introducing Sets, Operations on Sets, Basic Operations, Properties Common to Logic and Sets Relations, Cartesian Product, Relations and their types, Properties of Relations, Functions, Types of Functions, Operations on Functions

#### Unit 2 : Combinatorics - An Introduction

Multiplication and Addition Principles, Permutations, Permutations of Objects not Necessarily Distinct, Circular Permutations, Combinations, Binomial Coefficients, Combinatorial Probability

#### Unit 3 : Some More Counting Principles

Pigeonhole Principle, Inclusion-Exclusion Principle, Applications of Inclusion, Exclusion, Application to Surjective Functions, Application to Probability, Application to Derangements 26

#### Unit 4 : Partitions and Distributions

Integer Partitions, Distributions, Distinguishable Objects into Distinguishable Containers, Distinguishable Objects into Indistinguishable Containers, Indistinguishable Objects into Distinguishable Containers, Indistinguishable Objects into Indistinguishable Containers.